This book is about the conscription of non Muslim men aged between 27 and 40 into labour batallions. In April 1941 non Muslim men were called to do their reserve military service in the Turkish Army but instead of doing active service they were sent to work in labour batallions for the construction of roads and airports. Why they were subject to this treatment? How was the working conditions? Where did they work? These are the questions that this book is attempting to answer in the light of archival documents, letters, memoirs, interviews and press news.